The Department of Population and Health was created in the 2007/2008 academic year out of the former Population and Family Life Education programme of the Department of Geography and Tourism. Started in 1996 with support from United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and the Ghana Education Service (GES) to train personnel in issues of population and development, the programme was reviewed in 2006 as part of the restructuring of the Faculty of Social Sciences. The review led to the emergence of a new department devoted to population science and the social dimensions of health in the Faculty of Social Sciences.
The Department offers courses at both the undergraduate and post graduate levels and undertakes research on aspects of population and social dimensions of health. The Department has adopted Yamoransa, a community in the Mfantseman Municipality near Cape Coast, as its social research laboratory for teaching, research and outreach. The Department collaborates with both international and local governmental and Non-Governmental Organization in research and outreach programmes for national development.